Articles tagged with: framing

Ways of Seeing, Chapter 3

on Thursday, 21 April 2011. Posted in Student Notes


A man’s presence is dependent upon the power he embodies and this power is always exerted towards other. Woman’s presence expresses her attitude. This is done through such things as, gestures, voice, opinions, expressions, clothes, etc.

Men will think of this almost as a physical emanation. Women have become accustomed to considering the surveyor and the surveyed within themselves. “Her sense of being in herself is supplanted [to take the place of] by a sense of being appreciated as herself by others” (Berger, 46).

I took this to mean that a woman becomes more concerned with how others view her, therefore replacing her own concern for herself. Women watch others watching them. This happens because men survey women before treating them, more simply put, men act and women appear.

Common Sense, Myth, News, and Realism

on Thursday, 21 April 2011. Posted in Student Notes


In Campbell's article he describes, Journalistic “Common Sense,” and its reflection of the Myths, Stereotypes of the News Journalists and how they affect the News and its influence on the American Peoples. (page 13), Social/Political/Culture research, “… reflects a likelihood that contemporary racism in America is being fostered by the news media's “commonsense” myths despite even the best intentions of journalist caught in a system dominated by majority culture values and sensibilities.” Campbell's argument is to understand how the journalistic process helps to convey a perspective of the 'norm middle-class white man.' He argues for the realistic and truths that aren't included in the news due to the audience and preconceived notions of what is idealistic for the mass American Culture. He identifies these myths, and understandable concludes that the news is an institution that fosters racism and values cultural “traditional” common sense and biases that defy and contradict the 'real.'

Campbell  illustrates the demand and provisional portrayal of the news anchor as a biased perspective of the 'white man.' He illustrates this theme in journalism through historical and economic ties of race and class. For the hiring process of news journalists it is known that they must adopt the perspective and values of the white man in order to be hired, this said, the obvious construction of the news and its biases are defective.  This creates a social construct for the news media and understandably argues the constructions of what it means for the news to be 'unbiased' when it 'realistically' is. Today on the news, after reading this article I find that the theme of the 'white man' is all around and that cultural stereotypes perceive and illustrate the perspectives that are chosen to be shown by the news and the journalists point of view.

Representation & the News Narrative

on Monday, 18 April 2011. Posted in Student Notes

notes prepared by Taylor Senegal

Tuchman argues, “By seeming not to arrange time and space, news film claims to present facts, not interpretations.” Although the material filmed may be real, the way in which it is filmed persuades the way viewers perceive it. The camera’s perspective influences the information’s presentation. Tuchman refers to talking and touching distance. He differentiates between the impartial appearance of the former as opposed to the dramatic impact of the latter. The way in which reporters are framed in symbolic locations and appear to be near ongoing activity also affects viewers’ perception of events. Due to television’s ability to cover more dimensions of perception than other mediums, more people believe its information is fact.